How technology is transforming the food industry in India

By Vyom Shah

No one precisely knows what the New Year has brought, but we saw advancements in technology impacting various industrial sectors last year. The food sector is seldom thought about when we talk about technology but with the boom in food tech, companies are constantly evolving to reshape and manage food production, and distribution to adjust to consumer demands.

This year, we have identified a few changes and patterns in the sector, which we find to be rather thought-provoking.

Climate change

There are 8 billion people in the world right now and with the growing population, there is a higher demand for food every year. By using technology to optimize everything with more awareness about environmental crises, we can streamline right from production to packaging process and benefit the environment. The market leaders in the industry are the ones pushing this transformation.

Water shortage, decrease in the availability of land, and nutrient loss in soil are some factors affecting farming. Genetically modified organisms injected in plant genes help in producing crops in unfavourable climatic conditions or have disease-resistant qualities. Aerial images captured using drones help the farmer monitor crop growth, AI apps can detect pest/disease infestation, and moisture and temperature sensors ensure safe conditions and keep a check on the soil. Startups are bringing the most unexplored technology and applying it to various attributes of the food cycle to increase crop productivity.


With more awareness among consumers about climate change, the green movement, ban on single-use plastic, brands are pushed to follow the trend and opt for alternatives to promote responsible production and consumption. With the development in technology, we now have edible packaging options with zero waste, reusable packaging, sustainable packaging made of biopolymers and biodegradable material. The influence of these trends on the Indian food industry becomes more profound, pervasive, and widespread with each passing year.

Sustainable farm practices such as organic farming, grass-fed animals, minimal use of antibiotics and chemicals, and water recycling programs are some methods that help livestock farmers to improve overall animal welfare. Technological developments like selective breeding practices, IT based management systems for real time monitoring, sensor and data technologies benefit the health of animals. The Pink revolution in India basically represents the technological revolutions in the meat and poultry processing sector. This will help us to build and maintain safety standards to match the global requirements.

Food alternatives

During pandemic there has been more focus on healthy and mindful living. There has also been a significant shift in demand for local and regional food due to increased attention to India’s culinary roots and a return to fresh ingredients. Due to environmental and ethical reasons, there has been a spike in the number of people favouring a vegan or vegetarian diet. Plant-based meats are becoming popular and are a great food alternative. They use less land compared to traditional ways of animal agriculture, emit less greenhouse gas and even use less water compared to conventional meat.

The impact of these technology refinements on the Indian food industry becomes more profound and pervasive with each passing year. Be it GMO’s, AI apps, eco-friendly packaging options, plant-based alternatives, technology is transforming the food industry in India and helping us to follow an eco-responsible approach.

This article has been republished from Voices, The Times of India.